Koopman argues in How We Became Our Data we live in the shadows of our data. Our data precedes us. With extensive documentary and theoretical foundation, Koopman proves convincingly, from one information system to the next, cultural products are inscribed, processed, and reproduced. We “populate databases from social media histories and marketing profiles to predictive policing analyses.” We are a part of the legacy of data infrastructures and subjects of spooled data. We are what Koopman calls informational persons.